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Yellow Fever

General Information

Yellow Fever is a daytime biting mosquito borne disease transmitted through a specific type of mosquito, aedes species. Yellow fever occurs in sub-Saharan Africa and tropical South America where it is endemic and intermittently epidemic. It has a short incubation period (3-5 days) and can be lethal. Like with most viral infections, there is no cure and one has to rely on symptomatic treatment.

It is the only disease that is mandatory for vaccination recommended by the WHO.

Areas of Yellow Fever

Countries with risk of yellow fever transmission Africa Central and South America

Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Central African Republic Chad Congo, Republic of the Côte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Equatorial Guinea

Ethiopia Gabon The Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Liberia Mali  Mauritania  Niger

Nigeria Rwanda Sierra Leone São Tomé and Principe Senegal Somalia Sudan  Tanzania Togo Uganda Zambia

Argentina  Bolivia Brazil  Colombia Ecuador  French Guiana Guyana Panama  Paraguay Peru  Suriname Trinidad and Tobago  Venezuela


Yellow Fever vaccination is effective if taken at least 10 days before departure and the protection rate is over 95%.

The best way to prevent mosquito-borne diseases, including yellow fever, is to avoid mosquito bites.

Who should take Yellow Fever Vaccine:

  • People travelling to Yellow Fever endemic countries
  • People travelling from Yellow Fever endemic countries
  • People on transit through Yellow Fever endemic countries

Who should not take Yellow Fever Vaccines:

  • Children under 9 months of age
  • Pregnant Ladies
  • People on Immunosupressive medication
  • Acute current infection with high fever

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